Democratic Republic of Congo
Severe malaria facts
DRC has the following:
- 2nd largest number of malaria cases and deaths globally (11% of all cases and 11% of deaths worldwide).
- Highest number of malaria cases in Central Africa (55% of all malaria cases in Central Africa).
- In 2016, malaria also accounted for 13% of deaths in children under 5 years of age and 19% of deaths in children aged 28 days - 12 months old.
- The proportion of severe malaria cases reported remained around a median of 7% (range of variation: 7-9%).
From 2016 to 2017, the number of malaria cases increased by over 870,000, while the number of deaths remained fairly stable.
Inpatient deaths attributable to malaria was about 24.8% (2011 – 2014), and the case fatality rate for malaria was about 4.2 in that period.
Hospitalizations due to malaria was about 54.8% (2011 – 2014).
Severe malaria distribution
- Equatorial variant (forests and savannahs): most severe cases occur in under-5s
- Tropical variant (humid areas): more severe cases of malaria are observed up to a greater age
- Mountainous variant (areas at an altitude of over 1,000 m): Severe cases of malaria can occur in all age brackets and as an epidemic or as acute annual outbreaks
Severe malaria policy and practice
|Recommendation during pregnancy|