Burkina Faso

Severe Malaria facts

Malaria is responsible for 61.5% of hospitalizations and 30.5% of deaths

Children under 5: leading cause of hospitalization (63.2%) and death (49.6%)

There has been a:

  • 3% overall decrease in mortality from 31,400 (2016) to 30,500 (2017)
  • 1% decrease in mortality in children <5 from 15,556 (2015) to 14,641 (2016)
  • 4.9% of malaria cases seen at health facilities were severe (HMIS 2015)


Improvement in the quality of management, revision of guidelines, training and supervision of healthcare workers (3,923 workers) and accessibility of treatment 

June to September: peak transmission 

    Malaria-related admissions and deaths

    Photo: World Malaria Report 2018

    Distribution of malaria cases within the country

    Data taken from the World Malaria Report 2018

    Severe malaria policy and practice

    National treatment guidelines
    Recommendation Treatment
    Strong Injectable artesunate
    Alternative Injectable artemether
    Alternative Injectable quinine

    *Injectable artesunate and artemether is not recommended for use during the first trimester of pregnancy. 

    Severe malaria kits

    Severe malaria cases in children under 5 and pregnant women are provided with free emergency kits

    • ~200,000 free treatment kits/year not including diagnosis


    • Injectable artesunate or artemether or quinine
    • Injectable paracetamol
    • Diazepam
    • Glucose solution
    • Intranule catheter
    • Infusion set
    • Syringe
    • Glove
    • Tape

    Severe malaria treatment kits have contributed to malaria mortality reduction from 3.3 percent of malaria cases (2011) to 1.2 percent (2015)