Quality of Malaria Treatment Provided under 'Better Health Together' Project in Ethnic Communities of Myanmar: How Are We Performing?

04 Dec 2019
Minn PW, Shewade HD, Kyaw NTT, Phyo KH, Linn NYY, Min MS, Aung YN, Myint ZT, Thi A


Malaria accounted for 18% of all deaths in the ethnic communities of Myanmar. In this cross-sectional study, we assessed the extent of and factors associated with receipt of quality malaria treatment services provided by integrated community malaria volunteer (ICMV) under six ethnic health organisations. Data of people with malaria diagnosed by rapid diagnostic tests during 2017-2018 were extracted from the ICMV registers. Documentation of prescribing a complete course of drugs was used to assess quality. Of 2881 people with malaria, village-based ICMV diagnosed and treated 2279 (79%) people. Overall, 2726 (95%) people received correct drugs in the correct dose and adequate duration appropriate to malaria species, age and pregnancy status while 1285 (45%) people received 'correct and timely (within 24 h of fever)' treatment. Children under five years, those with severe malaria, mixed infection and malaria were less likely to receive the correct treatment. When compared to health posts, village-based ICMVs and mobile teams performed better in providing correct treatment and mobile teams in providing 'correct and timely' treatment. This calls for ensuring the early presentation of people to health workers within 24 h of undifferentiated fever through health promotion initiatives. Future studies should assess adherence to medication and clinical improvement.